Marina Rayside, Geoffrey Iam, Timothy Cheong, Gaurav Ghosh
It is our objective to investigate the preva-lence, causes, outcomes and demographics of paediat-ric ocular trauma in WA, compare these to other national and international studies
Identify all eye cases admitted via the emer-gency departments (ED) over the 2.5 year period Jan 07 to July 09. using the EDIS database and selecting all cases of trauma from the set.
We identified a possible 343 cases of which 160 fit our criteria. We showed that the most common presenting mechanisms of eye trauma were missiles 21% and falls 17% others included stick injuries and foreign bodies. There was however only 1 case of assault in the 2.5 yrs. Male : female ratio was 3:1, aboriginals made up 16% of the population and as expected the worse the presenting visual acuity the worse the injury and prognosis. There were 2 enucle-ations and 2 cases of legal blindness.
The results show us a male preponder-ance suggesting that we target them as an audience for further education on preventing injury also that missiles are the commonest cause of eye trauma giving us the information to target parents with on prevent-ing eye injuries. The results also confirm that the worse the visual acuity is on presentation the worse the prognosis.